Xiao Lu is a Ph.D. candidate in Political Science at the Graduate School of Economics and Social Sciences (GESS) at the University of Mannheim. He also works as a doctoral reseacher at Collaborative Research Center (SFB) 884 Project C1, and served as an instructor at the Department of Political Science.

Research interest:

Dynamic party competition, legislative politics, integration of formal modeling with empirical analysis, Bayesian analysis, robust discrete choice models


  • PhD. Candidate, Present
    Graduate School of Economics and Social Sciences
    University of Mannheim
  • M.A. in Political Science, 2017 (with distinction)
    University of Mannheim
  • B.A. in International Liberal Studies (Statistics and IR), 2015 (Dean’s list)
    Waseda University
  • LL.B. in International Politics, 2015
    Peking University


  • Lu, Xiao (forthcoming): Discrete Choice Data with Unobserved Heterogeneity: A Conditional Binary Quantile Model. Political Analysis. [preprint] [appendix] [replication]